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FDNY Quiz: Answers/Explanations

Answers

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1. B   6. A   11. D   16. C   21. B   26. C   
2. A   7. D   12. C   17. A   22. D   27. A   
3. D   8. B   13. A   18. C   23. C   28. D   
4. B   9. B   14. D   19. C   24. A   29. D   
5. D   10. C   15. C    20. A   25. B   30. D   





Memory items – 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5.

These items are based on the memory picture provided. The answers can be explained by looking back at the memory picture.



Visualization items – 6, 13 and 23.

6. The correct answer is A. Since the initial object (factory) is to be viewed from the back, attention should be focused on those things that can be seen from both the front and back. This includes the chimney, smoke and the shape (or sections) of the factory. Since the factory is to be viewed from the back, these things should appear in the reverse or opposite position. Things that can’t be seen from both the front and back should be ignored, such as any windows and doors on the initial factory or the factories shown in the alternatives.

• B is incorrect because the chimney appears in the same position as in the initial factory instead of being reversed as in correct alternative A.

• C is incorrect because the main portion of the factory appears in the same position as in the initial factory, rather than being reversed.

• D is incorrect because, as in B, the chimney appears in the same position as in the initial factory instead of being reversed.

13. The correct answer is A. Since the library is to be viewed from inside, attention should be focused on those things that can be seen from both the outside and the inside. This includes the windows, doors, doorknobs and any lettering that can be assumed to be written on glass. Such lettering should appear in reverse when the library is viewed from the inside. Such things as the roof, the pattern of the back on the outside of the library and the overhang over the front door of the library, should be ignored, since they cannot be seen from inside.

• B is incorrect because the words, “New Books” appear in the same position as in the initial library. These words should appear in reverse position, as in correct alternative A.

• C is incorrect because the double doors and the window that contains the words, "New Books” appear in the same position as in the initial library. Again, these portions of the library should appear in reverse position when being viewed from inside. (See correct alternative A.)

• D is incorrect because the windows do not appear in the correct positions. The middle three windows should appear lower down on the front of the library.

23. C is the correct answer. Since the townhouses are to be viewed from above, attention should be focused on those things that can be seen from both the front and above. This includes the rows (lines and design) and the way the townhouses are joined together. The windows and doors should be ignored since they cannot be seen from above.

• A is not correct because the design of the rows is wrong. The center roof should have a design and the remaining rows should appear white (see correct alternative C). B is not correct because the townhouses on the left and right are drawn with horizontal rather than vertical roves D is not correct because the townhouses are not joined together correctly. The initial picture indicates that the townhouses are staggered in their alignment. Alternative D shows the townhouses as though they were lined up right next to one another.

Spatial Orientation items – 14, 15 and 16.

14. D provides the most direct route to the fire without breaking any traffic laws.

• A is incorrect because it suggests the candidate travel in the wrong direction (i.e., north) on Esther.

• B is incorrect because it suggests the candidate travel in the wrong direction (i.e., northeast) on Greenfield.

• C is incorrect because it suggests a less direct route to the fire than that suggested in the correct answer – D.

15. C provides the most direct route to the fire without breaking any traffic laws.

• A is incorrect because it suggests the candidate travel in the wrong direction (i.e., east) on Jones.

• B is incorrect because it suggests a less direct route to the fire than that suggested in the correct answer- C.

• D is incorrect because it suggests the candidate travel in the wrong direction (i.e., north) on Esther.

Written Comprehension items – 7, 8, 21, and 22.

7. D is the correct answer. As stated in the passage, “Mrs. Farrell stated the odor woke her up at 2:15 A.M., just before she called the Fire Department.

• Alternative C is incorrect because there was no mention of sparks in the passage.

• Alternatives A and B are incorrect. Although smoke and flames may have been seen, they were seen by the firefighters only after they had begun to investigate the source of the odor reported by Mrs. Farrell. The question asked what awoke Mrs. Farrell and caused her to call the Fire Department. As noted above, Mrs. Farrell awoke to an odor just before she called the Fire Department.

8. B is the correct answer. The question asked where the fire started. As stated in the passage, “Firefighters Farber and Fulton immediately discovered the source of the fire. Some old wooden furniture had been stored too close to the furnace and had caught on fire.

• A is incorrect. Smoke from the burning furniture did get into the heating duct and travel up through the grates in the living room. However, the duct and grates were simply the first places where smoke from the fire was noticed. The fire did not start in the duct. C is incorrect because there is no mention of fire or smoke in Mrs. Farrell’s bedroom at any point in the passage. However, since Mrs. Farrell awoke to the smell of smoke, some candidates may incorrectly assume that the fire started in Mrs. Farrell’s bedroom.

• D is incorrect. The wooden furniture caught on fire because it was stored too close to the furnace. However, the fire did not start in the furnace. It started in the furniture.

21. B is the correct answer. The third paragraph of the passage clearly states, “In the case of a building that is completely engulfed in smoke and flames, the survival of occupants becomes unlikely. As soon as the fire is under control, a secondary search is made for victims. This suggests that no primary search is conducted in the case of a building that is completely engulfed because it is unlikely that occupants can be saved. Initial efforts instead should be directed toward controlling the fire, after which a secondary search should be conducted for victims.

• A and C are not correct because the portion of the passage quoted above suggests that a primary search is not conducted at any point in time for a building that is completely engulfed in flames.

• D is only partially correct. The portion of the passage quoted above suggests that no primary search is conducted because “the survival of occupants is unlikely”. The passage goes on to say that a secondary search should be conducted once the fire is under control. Thus, it is not correct to say that “no search is conducted,” only that “no primary search is conducted”.

22. D is the correct answer. This answer is clearly supported by statements that are made in paragraphs 1 and 2 of the passage: “Time is the critical factor in the primary search process” and “Thoroughness, rather than time, is the critical factor in secondary search.”

• The first part of A (i.e., a primary search is always conducted.is clearly incorrect, given the explanation provided for question 21, which indicates that a primary search is not conducted in buildings that are engulfed in flames. There is not enough information in the passage to indicate whether the second part of alternative A (i.e., “A secondary search is not always conducted”) is true.

• Although the second part of B (i.e., “a primary search is not always conducted”), may be true, again, there is not enough information in the passage to allow us to evaluate the first part of B (i.e., “a secondary search is always conducted”). Finally, C incorrectly reverses the purposes of the two kinds of search.

Written Expression items – 9, 20 and 25.

9. B is the correct answer. The assumption is that there are more firefighters assigned to engine companies than to hook and ladder companies, there are more engine companies in the Fire Department than hook and ladder companies, therefore B is the only statement that will bring you to the above conclusion.

• C. States that the engine companies have, on average, fewer firefighters than the ladder companies in this situation, it can be possible that there could be more firefighters assigned to hook and ladder companies than engine companies.

• A and D do not deal with the number of firefighters; they deal mainly with the size or the number of the engine and hook and ladder companies.

20. The correct answer is A.There are a number of factors that are important to answering this item correctly. The clearest clues involve statement nos. 6 and 2. Statement no. 6 notes that “rope made of this material has great strength and durability.” Thus, statement no. 6 must immediately follow a statement that introduces one of the two types of ropes. Since statement no. 2 states “though not as strong as manila, the sisal fiber is used . . .,” statement no. 6 must be referring to manila rope, not sisal rope. Since statement no. 3 introduces manila rope, this must be the statement that should come immediately before statement no. 6.

This allows us to rule out alternatives B and C: Statement no. 2 suggests a few other things. The first is that the sisal fiber should probably be discussed after the manila fiber. The second is that a statement that introduces the sisal fiber (i.e., statement no. 4 or 1) should probably come right before statement no. 2. This allows us to rule out alternatives B and D. Finally, statement no. 1 should probably come before any statement that discusses the two types of fibers (i.e., statements 2, 3, 4 and 6). This allows us to rule out alternatives C and D. The only alternative left after incorrect alternatives are eliminated is A

25. The correct answer is B. Since a reference is made to “this atmosphere” statement no. 1 must immediately follow a statement, which discusses the atmosphere in the firehouse. Statement no. 3 is the only statement that does this. The only alternative in which statement no. 1 follows statement no. 3 is B. Further, statement no. 2 should be presented immediately after statement no. 4 because of the discussion of the “breakdown in internal discipline.” Again, the only alternative where this occurs is B.

Information Ordering Items – 29 and 30.

29. The correct answer is D. The key phrase in this item is “have just found that the fire has extended into the wall..” This represents step 3 in the set of procedures so the next step that must be followed is step 4. Step 4 involves making sure the necessary equipment (small hose line or extinguisher) is ready for use.

• The incorrect alternative that is most likely to be chosen is A: “tear open the wall with axes.. This alternative represents step 5 in the set of procedures. It may seem to make sense to tear open the wall once it has been discovered that the fire has extended into the wall. However, it is important that firefighters first check to ensure that they are prepared to put out any fire that will be uncovered. That is why it is important that they perform step 4 before step 5. The instructions for this item clearly indicate that the procedures are listed in the order in which they must be performed.

30. The correct answer is D. The key phrase in this item is a canvas cover has been stretched in front of the fireplace.. This represents step 1 in the set of procedures so the next step that must be followed is step 2. Step 2 involves using a small hose line to put out the fire in the fireplace.

Problem Sensitivity items –17, 18, and 24.

17. A is the correct answer. Repairing a hole in a half-filled gas tank while smoking a cigarette, make for a very dangerous fire hazard.

• B. Dose not presents an hazard, if the heater is in a safe area of the garage.

• C. Not a hazard

• D. This may be consider a violation.

18. C is the correct answer. Explaining the reason for breaking the windows will help the owner understand the reason his windows had to be broken, and he will calm down.

• A, B, and C are all wrong because these approaches only tend to make the situation worse by further angering the owner.

24. A is the correct answer. All other violations involve conditions that would make it difficult for customers to exit the restaurant in the event of fire. Since the restaurant is to be closed for four months, these conditions pose no immediate danger and need not be corrected until just before the restaurant reopens.

• In contrast, Violation B – dangerous pile-ups of rubbish, waste and other flammable materials – poses a danger regardless of whether or not the restaurant is occupied because such materials could catch on fire at any time.

Deductive Reasoning items – 10, 11, 27 and 28.

10. C is the correct answer. According to the figure shown for a 5 year old, bums on both legs (32) and one arm (9) would amount to 41 percent of the child’s total skin surface. Thus, 40 is the best answer. Candidates may have chosen alliterative D if they mistakenly referred to the figure for an adult since two legs (36) and one arm (9) would amount to 45 percent of an adult’s skin surface. If candidates mistakenly referred to the figure for an infant, they might have chosen alliterative B since two legs (28) and one arm (9) amount to 37 percent of an infant’s skin surface.

11. D is the correct answer. The total percentages of skin surface burned are calculated for each victim below:

• 1. Chest and abdomen (18), back and buttocks (18), left arm (9) = 45
• 2. Back and buttocks (18), both legs (28) = 46
• 3. Head (9), back and buttocks (18), both arms (18) = 45
• 4. Both arms (18), both legs (32 = 50

27/28. The key to questions 27 and 28 is to identify the various ways in which the classes of evacuation procedures differ, to analyze the situation presented in each item with regard to these differences, and then to identify the class that matches each situation with regard to these differences. The ways in which the evacuation procedures differ include:

• A. The type of situation in which the procedure tends to be used.
• B. Whether or not equipment is to be left in place.
• C. Whether or not the procedure is typically used after another evacuation procedure or can be performed by itself.

Each type of evacuation procedure is outlined below in terms of these 3 differences:

Emergency Evacuation Procedures

• 1. Used in situations involving a potential structure collapse or hazardous materials.
• 2. All equipment is left in place.
• 3. This procedure can be conducted by itself.

Tactical Withdrawal Procedures

• 1. Used in situations in which an offensive (interior attack) is being replaced by a defensive (exterior attack) strategy.
• 2. Personnel take all equipment with them.
• 3. This procedure can be conducted by itself.

Sector Withdrawal Procedures

• 1. Used in situations that are so hazardous they require complete withdrawal.
• 2. All equipment is left behind.
• 3. This procedure is used after an emergency evacuation or a tactical withdrawal.

27. The correct answer is A. The incident involved a change from an internal attack to an external attack. Firefighters were instructed to take all equipment with them when withdrawing. No additional evacuation procedures were conducted before or after this one. This incident is best classified as a Tactical Withdrawal.

28. The correct answer is D. The incident involved a fire involving hazardous materials. Firefighters were instructed to evacuate the area immediately and to leave all equipment in place. This part of the incident is best classified as an emergency evacuation. Due to the nature of the incident, firefighters were further ordered to leave the area on the fire trucks and to monitor their radios for further orders. This part of the incident is best classified as a Sector Withdrawal. Thus, the best answer is D – Emergency Evacuation followed by a Sector Withdrawal.

Inductive Reasoning items –12,19 and 26.

12. When comparing suspects in questions like this, candidates should focus on those features that cannot be changed easily. This includes sex, race, age, height, weight, and distinguishing characteristics. (Since we are dealing with witnesses’ descriptions, there may be minor differences in separate descriptions of the same suspect. Therefore, it should not be assumed that we are dealing with different suspects if the descriptions differ slightly in age, height, or weight.) Features that can be changed relatively easily should be ignored when comparing suspects. Such features include hair and hair color, facial hair, and clothes.

C is the correct answer. Suspects for Fires 2, 3, and 4 have roughly the same “unchanging” features:

• Sex = Male.
• Race = White.
• Age = Teenager.
• Height = 5’5”.
• Weight = 140-145 Ibs.
• Distinguishing Characteristics = large scar directly over eyebrow.

Although the description of the suspect for Fire #3 does not include the scar, the suspect is reported to have been wearing large sunglasses, which easily could have hidden the scar. Thus. Fires #s 2. 3 and 4 may all involve the same suspect. For a number of reasons, the description of the suspect for Fire #1 suggests a different person is involved in this fire. First, the reported weight is 175 Ibs. instead of 140-145 Ibs. It’s difficult to believe that the same suspect could be described so differently in terms of weight. Furthermore, there is no mention of a large scar over the eyebrow. Finally, the suspect for Fire #1 was described as having a tattoo on his upper left arm. Such a tattoo was not noticed on the suspect for Fire #4 or any of the other fires.

19. C is the correct answer. All three tools listed in this question are used to enter (or cut through) structures and/or free occupants. The key words are “used to cut masonry, steel, etc..” (circular saw), “used to remove steering wheels, doors, etc. on autos in order to free occupants.” (hurst tool), and “used to speed entry (or cut) through steel doors or windows and in rescue operations” (torch).

• A and D are incorrect because they both describe functions that are not served by any of the equipment listed in the passage. The type of equipment that performs the function described in alternative A is an electric fan and the type of equipment that performs the function described in alternative D is an electric generator.

• B is incorrect because it describes the function served by a stretcher.

26. C is the correct answer.Neither A nor B can be correct because, of the two requests made (Beta by caller 2 and Alpha by caller 4), only the first request was granted. Therefore, it would be wrong to say that patient requests are ALWAYS (alternative A) or NEVER (alternative B) honored.

• Alternative C and D provide possible reasons why requests might not be honored.

• Alternative D suggests that patient requests are honored only if the requested hospital is the closest hospital. Caller 4 requested Alpha Hospital and was transported to Sigma. According to the information in the table, Alpha is the furthest hospital from the city in which the caller was located (Renova) and Sigma is the closest. Thus, a candidate might conclude that D is the correct response. However, caller 2 was transported to the requested hospital (Beta) even though it was not the closest hospital that would accept him. The closest hospital that would have accepted him was Alpha. Thus, the conclusion described in alternative D cannot be correct.

• The correct conclusion is C – patient requests are honored only if the requested hospital admits such patents. This conclusion explains why caller number 4 was not taken to the requested hospital. That is, caller number 4 was an obstetrics case and the hospital that caller number 4 requested (Alpha) does not take obstetrics cases. In addition, the conclusion stated in alternative C also fits with the other patient request situation. Caller number 2 was a general case who requested Beta hospital. Since Beta has no admittance limitations, the request was honored.


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