A level 2 firefighter performes basic activities including, laying hose, and performing fire combat, containment and extinguishment tasks. Level 2 also positions and climbs ladders to gain access to upper levels of buildings or assist individuals from burning structures and ventilating structures when needed.
Aerial firefighters, AKA smokejumpers or rappellers, are deployed to fight wildfires by parachuting or rappelling from aircraft. Known as an air attack, aerial firefighting also utilizes airtankers to drop fire retardants on large portions of burn zones. Some helicopters are equipped with a drip torch or Delayed Ariel Ignition Device (DAID) to light backburns and controlled burns. Smokejumpers are highly trained and skilled teams of parachuting fire suppression crews. They anticipate fire behavior and develop tactics in response.
Wildland Firefighters use special techniques and equipment to suppress wildfires. Hand crews, helitack crews, airtankers, rappellers and smokejumpers all contribute to create firelines, backburns, and controlled burns in order to isolate and wildfires that can be attacked with water or fire retardants from aerial tankers.
A major factor that can positively influence the safety of first responders, career and volunteer, is ensuring that all personnel are safe from dangerous chemicals they may not even be able to see. In a career as a Hazmat Specialist, you would be protecting those who protect the public.
Hazmat specialists have many job duties, but are mainly responsible for conducting hazardous waste field investigations and research and are frequently called upon to act independently and make decisions under difficult conditions.
Search and Rescue
Rescue teams generally start with a profile of the person or people they’re looking for, and follow established patterns of behavior to find them. Believe it or not, statistically 98 percent of lost people are found alive and uninjured, although they’re usually “cold, hungry, and really glad to see us,” said one captain. That’s good news for all amateur hikers. And the satisfaction of returning a lost person to his or her loved ones is unparalleled.
Parachutes from airplane into forest inaccessible by ground to suppress forest fires: Jumps from airplane near scene of fire, pulls rip cord when clear of plane, and pulls shroud lines to guide direction of fall toward clear landing area. Orients self in relation to fire, using compass and map, and collects supplies and equipment dropped by parachute. Ascertains best method for attacking fire and communicates plan to airplane or base camp with two-way radio. Fells trees, digs trenches, and extinguishes flames and embers to suppress fire, using ax, chain saw, shovel, and hand or engine-driven water or chemical pumps.
Forest Service professionals work in physical, biological and engineering disciplines applying their expertise to meet the challenges of our mission. Varieties in forest service professions range from developing and evaluating forest and fire management plans, providing technical advice, and designing plans with interdisciplinary teams of employees to keep forests and grassland environments healthy.
nder general supervision, responds to fire alarms and other emergency calls to protect life and property by combating, extinguishing and preventing fires; gives basic life support care to sick or injured persons; participates in fire prevention programs, inspection, training activities, maintenance of fire and EMS apparatus and equipment and stations. Works within prescribed standards and procedures.
Responds to alarms of fires and medical emergencies, hazardous materials and other emergencies with a pumper, ladder, rescue, ambulance or other support vehicle.
Fire Careers in the News
- Fire & Rescue Salary Update
- Teen Girls Learn Skills and Leadership at Firefighting Camp
- Hagerstown Has First Female Career Firefighter